Friday, February 14, 2014

Bills for Puerto Rico Statehood have been presented in both US House and Senate

Sen. Martin Heinrich Presents Bill Seeking Puerto Rico Statehood
Feb 12, 2014
The U.S. Senate received Wednesday for the first time a bill to make Puerto Rico the 51st state amid an economic crisis that many here blame in part on contention over the island's political status. The bill, submitted by Sen. Martin Heinrich, establishes the mechanisms whereby the United States would admit Puerto Rico as a state, assuming the island's citizens votes approve the idea in a binding referendum.

Heinrich, a New Mexico Democrat, is a member of the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, which has jurisdiction over the status of Puerto Rico. The bill proposes asking the island's residents: "Do you want Puerto Rico to be admitted as a State of the United States? Yes _____ No ______."

If the "yes" vote wins, the president will have 180 days to submit the legislation to Congress according to which Puerto Rico would be admitted as a state. Heinrich's bill is modeled on a measure submitted to the House of Representatives by Puerto Rico's non-voting member of Congress, Pedro Pierluisi, leader of the pro-statehood PNP.

Gov. Alejandro Garcia Padilla, who heads Puerto Rico's other main party, the PPD, wants the island to remain a U.S. commonwealth, though with enhanced scope for self-government. The United States invaded Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War.

Island residents were granted U.S. citizenship in 1917 but they cannot vote in presidential elections, although Puerto Ricans living in the continental United States can do so. Since 1952, the island has been a Free Associated State of the United States, an unincorporated territory with broad internal autonomy.

There are many who are convinced that the limitations of commonwealth status is the main thing responsible for the crisis in which Puerto Rico is mired, a situation that was aggravated over the past week by the downgrading of its debt to junk bond status. Fifty-four percent of Puerto Rican voters supported a change in status in a non-binding referendum coinciding with the November 2012 gubernatorial election.

The ballot consisted of two questions.

Sixty-one percent of those who answered the second question favored statehood over the other two choices: enhanced commonwealth status - the PPD's proposal - or independence.
But more than 460,000 Puerto Ricans who voted on the first status question did not respond to the second question. Recently, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid expressed his support for statehood for Puerto Rico, just as Vice President Joe Biden has done.

In your Feb 12, 2014 article: "Sen. Martin Heinrich Presents Bill Seeking Puerto Rico Statehood"Fox News  incorrectly states : "Since 1952, the island has been a Free Associated State of the United States, an unincorporated territory with broad internal autonomy."

THAT IS WRONG ! Puerto Rico has never been a Free Associated State of the US. That is a purposely misleading definition of the territorial status Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico has always been only a territory of the US and the people voted in favor of statehood in the Nov 6, 2012 elections. That is why we are still trying to resolve our centenary colonial status !!

Nothing changed Puerto Rico's territorial condition in 1952. Some people locally tried to insinuate that it did by translating Commonwealth of Puerto Rico into "Free Associated State" which is a totally different relationship with any other country.

This sends out a confusing message to our fellow citizens in the several states, who will have to vote through their representatives in Congress our admission as a state. They might get the idea that the US would be incorporating a separate country. We are all US Citizens living in a territory of the US.

Please correct this!! Do your homework. 

Miriam Ramirez MD
Former PR State Senator
Former Vice President of the PR Statehood Party