El timo de la… ‘Lechi di poti""Se estima que se deberá de compensar a los consumidores alrededor de $15 millones. " EL VOCEROPor Gilberto Arvelo, Doctor.Shoper 28 agosto 2014
Gilberto Arvelo, Doctor.Shoper
Lechi di poti era la forma que los oriundos de mi pueblo de Lares pedían un litro de leche fresca. En días recientes salió a la luz el resultado de una Acción de Clase por parte de los consumidores contra los principales integrantes que componen la industria lechera de Puerto Rico por vender leche adulterada con agua y sal entre abril del 1998 a abril del 1999. (Caso Civil núm. KDP 1999-0798(507)). En la sentencia el tribunal determino que los reclamos por parte de los consumidores eran fundamentados y que los demandados tendrán que compensar a los mismos. Se estima que se deberá de compensar a los consumidores alrededor de $15 millones.
En www.doctorshoper.com como parte de nuestra función de periodística nos dimos la tarea de profundizar en la evaluación de la sentencia emitida por el tribunal. Como parte de dicha evaluación encontramos lo siguiente:
1. En cuanto a Vaquería Tres Monjitas la prueba documental admitida revelo violaciones al Reglamento 5; especialmente, la leche cruda proveniente de las fincas ganaderas pertenecientes a las empresas Fonalledas no era sometida a análisis de la misma manera que se analizaba la leche cruda proveniente de otros ganaderos. Aun así, las muestras tomadas de dichas vaquerías frecuentemente arrojaban resultados fuera del parámetro para cloruro establece el Reglamento 5 y aunque dicha leche, por definición era adulterada, la misma se mezclaba en los camiones-termos y en los silos con la leche recogida a otros ganaderos, se procesaba, se envasaba y se distribuía a los consumidores en vez de decomisarla.
2. En cuanto a Suiza casi diariamente llevaba a cabo los que se conoce en la industria como el ‘reproceso’ de la leche, lo que resultara que llegara leche con agua a los consumidores. Objeto del llamado ‘reproceso’ lo era la leche, al iniciar la pasterización, se mezclaba con el agua residual que había en la líneas y que era empujada con leche cruda hasta que estimaba que solo leche cruda sin agua fluía hasta el pasteurizador. Como resultado Suiza estaba dañando leche cruda cual cumplía con los parámetros del Reglamento 5.
Suiza también reprocesaba leche devuelta de la calle, cuya fecha de expiración no hubiese caducado. El tribunal no tuvo duda de que la leche producto del llamado ‘reproceso’ ilegal se envaso, se distribuyo y llego a los consumidores, puesto que ese era el propósito del llamado ‘reproceso’.
La resolución del caso indica lo siguiente y citamos de la sentencia:
Determinamos que durante el periodo pertinente las Plantas Suiza y Tres Monjitasrecibieron leche adulterada con agua y sal, cuya adulteración no pudieron detectar, aceptaron la leche adulterada no detectada, la procesaron, la envasaron, y la distribuyeron a comercios y consumidores; el no detectar la leche adulterada que recibieron y procesaron se debió a la negligencia, dejadez y laxitud con la que funcionaban los laboratorios de Suiza y Tres Monjitas al efectuar pruebas químicas y físicas a leche cruda y pasteurizada; y por no utilizar equipos y métodos analíticos más modernos que existían durante el periodo pertinente.
Como han podido leer el enfoque principal del la información periodística cuando se divulgo la determinación del caso en el tribunal de Primera Instancia fue hacia el sector ganadero y de transportista. Algo que ya había sido en parte atendido por procedimientos criminales a través del foro federal. Una cosa es el que el ganadero y/o el transportista se confabularan para suministrar leche adulterada. Pero el que las plantas procesadoras incurrieran en prácticas ilegales con el mero hecho de timar a los consumidores es inaceptable.
Pero lo que sí es un acto de chantaje económico por parte de estas plantas elaboradoras es el reclamar a través de un pleito contra el Gobierno de Puerto Rico una cantidad millonaria por alegada perdida de ganancias debido a la fijación de precios y como el Gobierno se dobla ante ellos cuando un tribunal de Puerto Rico acaba de determinar que estafaron a los consumidores vendiéndole leche reprocesada como si fuera 100% fresca. Ahora gritan cuando le tienen que devolver a los consumidores alrededor de $15 millones pero mientras se hartaban a través del traqueteo estaban calladitos. En casos similares en los Estados Unidos estas compañías son intervenidas y multadas por el Gobierno.
El más reciente caso es el de Peanut Company of America, y donde el dueño Stewart Parnell y otras dos personas están acusados de distribuir productos contaminados a los clientes y de encubrir las pruebas de laboratorio que mostraban la presencia de salmonela. Stewart Parnell y la gerente de calidad de la planta en Georgia, Mary Wilkerson, también están acusados de obstrucción de la justicia. Los expertos dicen que es la primera vez que funcionarios y gerentes corporativos han ido a juicio bajo cargos federales en un caso de intoxicación alimentaria.
El vender un alimento adulterado cual es consumido principalmente por niños y envejecientes es un acto criminal. En China ya los hubieran fusilados como paso con los que adulteraron las formulas de bebe. En www.doctoeshoper.com son muchos los consumidores que nos comunican la mala experiencia que han tenido con la leche fresca que han adquirido. Después se preguntan el porqué de la baja del consumo de leche fresca. Mientras tanto los consumidores que consumen leche se han movido a otros tipos de leches de fuentes vegetales como la de almendra y soya y los que tomaban lechi di poti de vaca fresca se han mudado a lechi di cajita o lechi in polvo.
Adjunto "Resolución" en el caso de referencia.
Favor prestar mayor atención a las siguientes páginas: 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 71, 72, 73, 74 y 75
August 28,2014 The attached article in Rolling Stone clearly describes the main reason for the economic and political crisis in the US Territory of Puerto Rico and the economic crisis in the USA.
Puerto Rico, a US Territory of the US, with US citizens for over 100 years is the worst victim of this IRS Offshore Tax Scam. Greedy politicians in Puerto Rico, a US Territory of American citizens, in alliance with interested sectors in the island, including corporate lobbyists, CFC's, the local opposition parties, workers unions, local Banks, etc. have lobbied Congress for decades to obtain tax exempt privileges for US Corporations who do business in Puerto Rico.
This has consisted in obtaining legislation that have created IRS Codes that define Puerto Rico as a foreign country for their tax evasion purposes. CFC (Controlled Foreign Corporations) does not mean they are foreign, it means Puerto Rico is foreign! This is a legal violation of the US Constitution Territorial Clause.
Puerto Rico and Puerto Ricans are right at the center of this storm. Our US Territory is their top choice for corporate money laundering. Many in Puerto Rico have been led to believe these corporate tax breaks are the only solution to our stagnant economy.
However, these tax breaks have been around for over 60 years and we still continue with high unemployment and serious social problems which have escalated in high crime statistics, comparable to a war zone. It has also contributed to the economic debacle hitting the US taxpayer and workers, by taking jobs away from the US, increasing unemployment and then obtaining tax benefits to bring the money home under the false pretense of helping the US economy.
Over the decades, this has not resulted in benefits for our island or our people. It has created a filthy rich governing elite class which has enjoyed these privileges, while the rest of the 3.5 millions of Puerto Ricans live under the US poverty standards and with an unemployment rate of over 18%.
3.5 million US citizens live in Puerto Rico and 4.5 million have already opted to abandon ship and relocate to the other States of the Union, the most recent ones, our most talented professionals.
Whenever the people of Puerto Rico start a process of self determination, millions of dollars appear out of nowhere to campaign against statehood, since it will be the death knoll for this scam.
In cohorts with interested sectors in the island, including Corporate lobbyists, the CFC's, the local parties, workers unions, etc., lobby Congress to get more tax sparing benefits and continue to code Puerto Rico, a USA territory, as a foreign country so it can continue to be the "American-Foreign" offshore tax haven for multinational corporations and Corporate Welfare. This bill will scam the US Treasury for trillions of dollars.
THIS IS A SCAM! Offshore tax benefits have proven do not help the US economy and do not create jobs for Americans. This scamhas been preventing the US Citizens of Puerto Rico from achieving statehood, it throws the burden of supporting the Nation to the US Taxpayer, and is the main reason for the crisis in the US economy! WAKE UP AMERICANS!
" A loophole in American tax law permits companies with just 20 percent foreign ownership to reincorporate abroad, which means that if a big U.S. firm acquires a smaller company located in a tax haven, it can then "invert" – that is, become a subsidiary of its foreign-based affiliate – and kiss a huge share of its IRS obligations goodbye. It goes way beyond inversion. The top names in American business – from Apple to Xerox – have joined in the greatest tax dodge in world history. Using clever accounting games, these corporations have siphoned majestic sums out of the country and into tax-haven shell companies – where the money is untouchable by the IRS.
The numbers are staggering. More than $2 trillion in U.S.-based multinational profits currently sit in offshore accounts, representing, by credible estimates, in excess of $500 billion in unpaid taxes. If that money were deposited in federal coffers tomorrow, it would wipe out the deficit for 2014. And every year that Congress dithers on a crackdown, America is forfeiting an approximate $90 billion in revenue. U.S. corporate citizens enjoy benefits that aren't cabined inside our borders. The U.S. Navy secures shipping lanes needed to transport goods from Chinese factories to ports around the world. The American legal system protects corporate patents and other intellectual property worldwide. U.S. taxpayers fund the R&D that makes many of these corporations profitable in the first place.
Adding insult to injury, this self-dealing creates a phantom business expense in the United States. "They get a tax deduction in America while they pile up the money in another country, tax-free," says Johnston. Contrary to what the term "offshore" might suggest, these untaxed profits are not stranded. "There's this false notion that these funds are locked in a strongbox somewhere," says Edward Kleinbard, a former chief of staff for Congress' Joint Committee on Taxation. In reality, these untaxed foreign profits are often banked, by the offshore subsidiaries themselves, in Manhattan – where they're used to invest in stocks and U.S. Treasury bonds. "The money," says Kleinbard, "is already back in the U.S. economy." The analysis reveals that the biggest names in corporate America are boycotting the U.S. tax system, en masse. Top offenders include giants from high-tech (Microsoft, $76 billion); Big Pharma (Pfizer, $69 billion); Big Oil (ExxonMobil, $47 billion); investment banks (Goldman Sachs, $22 billion); Big Tobacco (Philip Morris, $20 billion); discount retailers (Wal-Mart, $19 billion); fast-food chains (McDonald's, $16 billion) – even heavy machinery (Caterpillar, $17 billion). General Electric has $110 billion stashed offshore, and enjoys an effective tax rate of four percent – 31 points lower than its statutory obligation to the IRS.
"The constant corporate whining that they're overtaxed in the United States," Bob McIntyre (from Tax justice) says, "is bullshit." Without meaningful resistance from Congress, corporations are pressing forward with abusive tax schemes. Two recent Senate investigations offer a window into the dark arts of corporate America's tax avoidance.
This is the reality of our political system in 2014: In what should be a titanic battle between multinational corporate power and federal power, our elected representatives are hardly putting up a fight. The American people want change: Two-thirds of Americans believe large corporations should be paying higher taxes, and 80 percent believe corporate loopholes should be closed. But Washington isn't listening. "Corporate tax breaks are beloved by those who take advantage of them," says Bernstein. "You're not going to change that without realigning a lot of politics." Until that day comes, we'll be living with the tax policy that multinational corporations have bought and paid for. Which means that you and I are stuck with the bills.
Interesante lo que dice este articulo del 1899. Esto parece un pronostico de lo que ha pasado en Puerto Rico. MJ_______________________________________________________ AMERICANIZING PUERTO RICO
THE NEW YORK TIMES S. S. Harvey, Ponce Puerto Rico,
Feb 10, 1899.
Published: February 22, 1899
In an editorial in The Times of Jan 16 titled “Senator Hoar’s Resolution,” there is this sentence: “(The Invasion by the US of Puerto Rico) is a project of violence, of danger, of
Americans Arrive in Puerto Rico 1898
inhumanity, and of bad faith.”
That sentence covers the case of Puerto Rico exactly.
It is a project of violence – of danger to good order and good government – to turn the government of this island over to the people now here. It has been tried in some dozens of Spanish colonies that have thrown off the yoke of Spain. In all there has been violent destruction of all decent government. It will be the same here if the government of the island is turned over this people.
Ah, but we will leave the troops of the United States here to preserve good order. Exactly. Leave the troops to back up and assist the 5 per cent of educated Spaniards and Spanish educated Puerto Ricans to govern and keep in subjection the 95 per cent of industrious, producing Puerto Ricans, who are not educated, and never will be under the domination of the Spanish educated class.
There is over 90 per cent of this people who are vassals, peons, or slaves in neatly all but name. It is inhuman, it is an act of bad faith to turn these people over the tender mercies of the dominant class here – to the same masters that have worked and controlled them, with the assistance of the Spanish Army, for ages past.
It is true that we have driven the Spaniards out. It is true that we have substituted the United States troops and the Stars and Stripes for the Spanish troops and Spanish flag. That is all. These people, as all people, of right ought to be free and independent. But children and vast hordes of people cannot be free and independent because they have not sufficient knowledge to govern themselves.
Let us educate these people, and teach them what government of the people means. They do not know, and never will unless the people of the United States teach them. It is inhuman, and an act of bad faith, to assist the dominant 5 per cent to keep them in subjection and ignorance. It might be supposed that the educated, governing class would desire to educate the mass of the people, but it is not so. In talking with an educated Puerto Rican – an M. D. who was graduated at one of our medical colleges – I suggested a perfect system of free schools. He assured me that would never do. It would do to have higher education for the centres of wealth, of course, but education of the masses would destroy labor.
This M.D. expressed surprise that I, an Army officer, should favor universal education and believe in a republican form of government. Turn this island over to the dominant class, and it will be Spanish in all but name a hundred years from now.
Make a District of Puerto Rico. Appoint a commission of citizen of the United States to govern it. Introduce a few hundred school teaches. Organize a systems of free schools teaching nothing but English, and in a few years a portion of these people can be safely admitted into Government.
In less than twenty-five years it will be a colony of American citizens, who will be able to organize a Government in republican lines. It is the only way we can govern these people with any hope of success. The educated class have no use for us or for our ideas of government. Their education is on entirely different lines. They desired to get rid of Spanish taxation, and we relieved them of that.
Now, if we will turn the government over to them and back their government with our strong military arm, it will suit the dominant few exactly.
Puerto Rico is a beautiful country, and the land are very productive. The people are a light-hearted, simple-minded, harm-less, indolent, docile people, and while they gamble, and are fond of wine, women, music, and dancing, they are honest and sober. They seem to realize that labor there has no reward, and that their existence is not much improved by the small share they receive of what they produce. Therefore they had just as well not labor at all. As ignorant and simple as they are, they hope a change of government will improve their miserable condition.
The mass desires education. Talk to the people of an English education and they show an eagerness for it, entirely beyond one’s expectation. They would gladly accept any form of government that will give them an education or enable them to get it. The people are ample able to support free schools and would freely do so, if the priests were not allowed, as now, to control them.
At present the priests are the heads of whatever school system exists. The teacher looks to the priest for employment and commendation. The result is, the children are well up on church forms and ceremonies, if nothing else. These people, while nominally Catholics, are nothing in religion. Catholicism is all the religion they have ever known, but it is connected in their minds with their late military ruler and with the outrageous taxation under which they have existed.
There is fear of the Church, but not love for it. I think it is a happy hunting ground for missionary, especially if he will offer the free school ahead of him. But I have no desire to arouse any religion feeling or prejudice. I do most earnestly ask the people of the United States to consider the 950,000 people on this island, who are uneducated and unable to care for themselves, as well as the 50,000 who are qualified and equipped to take care of themselves.
Turn this Government over to the people here now and you turn it over to the 50,000 people who are educated against all your ideas of government, who have no sympathy with you or your political or religious ideas, who will perpetuate Spanish ideas, with this startling difference, they will have the United States troops to sustain and back up their un-republican, un-democratic ideas, instead of the Spanish troops they formerly had. The 950,000 who would, if educated and if they had the opportunity, become good citizen of our great Republic, will continue to exist as the peons of the educated gentlemen who have lived off their labor for generations past. As an officer of the United States Army, I meet these gentlemen of the educated class. They are polite, kind, sociable, pleasant gentlemen. I think them honest, truthful, and just. They treat us with consideration socially – but they were the same to the Spanish officers before us. Their education is not ours, their ideas of government is not ours, and if the Government is turned over to them, ideas of republican government will flow extremely slowly over this lovely land.
S. S. Harvey, Ponce Puerto Rico, Feb 10, 1899. The New York Times Published: February 22, 1899